kirov class cruiser ww2

Each time they were on the broadside, with the exception of some that were elevated to the level of the main deck. WRT destroyers I really think pollies have … No doubt the “tin class cruisers” of the previous Washington designs, imposed by the tonnage limit forced the office of construction and repair within the Admiralty to review its copy by gaining weight where it was necessary for a better distribution and improve protection. The Pensacola class was quasi-experimental. Hi. 1938. The Baltimore class was to have 24 units, but 6 were cancelled on August 12, 1945. However, as the boundaries of the treaty flew away at the beginning of the conflict, engineers became free to add additional 5-in turrets and largely reinforce the AAA, now including 40 and 20 mm guns (8 of 40 mm and 15 of 20 mm). Unlike the previous stanxard 16″/45 caliber of the North Carolina class, manufactured at the Naval Gun Factory, Washington D.C., the Mark 8 came from Midvale and Bethlehem Steel Corporation. As a result, the superstructures were also reduced to allow the installation of the five axial turrets. The squared stern and rear aviation facilities were inherited from the Brooklyn design. Such weapons would overcome the great defect of existing 8in guns – excessively slow fire – so slow that it was almost impossible to hit fast Japanese ships in night actions; at the same time they would greatly out-ranged the existing fast-firing 6in weapons. Not quite true in international terms - the La Fayettes for example carry F pennant numbers so they are NATO designation frigates; and certainly in the past their frigates have been numerous. Designed after the Northampton, the two new heavy cruisers, Portland and Indianapolis, were contemporary of the New Orleans which on their side improved on many points and mainly that of protection. These were test benches and the direct ancestors of all upcoming American cruisers. As squadron destroyer leaders they proved a little more useful. The definitions change so often it’s hard to keep up. They were originally designed in 1919, originally to take the squadrons of large-scale destroyers (Wickes and Clemson) from the end of the Great War. It was similar to the mark 14 with the exception of an increased rifling twist. Poster of the WW2 USN Cruisers of WW2, extract from the upcoming “The Real Thing” about ww2 USN fleet. Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! Their tonnage was already 10,260 tonnes standard, so there was no additional armor margin possible within the limitations. 12. A cruiser from 1880 rarely exceeded 100 meters and was limited to 5000 tons. MarketingTracer SEO Dashboard, created for webmasters and agencies. This was the perfect deterrent force of its day after all. These factors above are all verified in the case of the USN. Displacement: 7050 t, 8950 T FLDimensions: 172 x 16.2 x 7.25 mPropulsion: 2 propellers, 2 Westinghouse turbines, 2 BW boilers, 70,000 hp. Characteristics (in 1941) Displacement: 9,006 t, 11,420 T FL Dimensions: 182.96 x 20.14 x 5.9 m Propulsion: 2 shafts, 4 Parsons turbines, 4 WT boilers, 107,000 hp. The influence of President Roosevelt on their design is often cited. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. However in 1944 the 20 mm was found unable to stop Japanese Kamikaze planes and disappeared together with the 40 mm in the mid-1950s, rendered obsolete by the advent of the Jet age. Mikhail Kutuzov — Soviet promo premium Tier VIII cruiser. The superstructure were rebuilt, lightened and lowered, with an open deck, and the tripod mast removed in favor of a mast-lattice in front of the rear funnel. For example, the RCN’s T-26 is the Canadian Surface Combatant (CSC) ship. In 1948, the office of ships and repair conducted a study for her conversion into a missile cruiser. Your email address will not be published. USS Portland (CA33), was very active and deployed during most major naval operations of the Pacific, and several times damaged. Blueprints were revised between each series and a difference of 600 tons existed between the first and last. The first model was used by the Brooklyns and sub-class St Louis, Cleveland and Fargo. I always thought different countries used different definitions where that definition is flexible depending on role and politics. Some of this is due to things as arbitrary as meeting treaty. I have other questions: In Modern meaning, at least for the USN, a modern Destroyer is a Long range high speed escort surface warship meant to support convoy or task forces. 1937. On trials, Des Moines achieved 125,630shp = 32.66kts at 20,532t. Succeeding to the Pensacola, the Northampton class improved many points. Their conception goes back to the beginning of the war, when all the treaties of limitation became obsolete. The previous generation was made of single mounts: The Pensacola had eight, the next Northampton had just four one them, the Portland eight, like the New Orleans class and USS Wichita as well as the Brooklyn class. These were the USN “tin-clad cruisers”. The Baltimore class cruisers were not to be the last or the largest conventional cruisers built, followed after the war by the Worcester and the Des Moines, but they are certainly among the best. But that implied also a slower speed. -The Mark 12 eliminated hoops to reduce weight to 17 tons. With the Baltimore, we went to 12 of 127 mm, 48 of 40 mm, 24 of 20 mm in 1942, and much more in 1945. USS San Francisco in March 1945, the horizontal livery in effect since the end of 1944, of light gray/medium gray/dark blue, Characteristics (in 1941): Displacement: 9,950 t, 12,400 T FL Dimensions: 179,27 x 18,82 x 5,9 m Propulsion: 2 shafts, 4 Westinghouse turbines, 8 B&C boilers, 107,000 hp. Required fields are marked *. AAA went up to four quadruple carriages, and four twin 40 mm and 12 singles 20 mm Oelikon. First for delivering the A Bomb (“Little Boy”) at Tinian, where a B29 bomber named Enola Gay, carried it to sow apocalypse in Hiroshima. At the end of the 1930s, the concept of “super destroyer” became fashionable. Technically all French escort ships postwar (... other than the cruisers) have carried D-markings, were reported to NATO as destroyers and were internally called "First Rank frigates" (which has always designated destroyers) or "Squadron Escorts". It appeared natural to adapt it for their cruisers, while maintaining a configuration in four axial turrets. The very poor behavior at sea was compensated by a raised bow and forecastle instead of a flush deck, three triple turrets instead of four mixed, an increased width, and lowered superstructures. Editor's Note: Re-issued by: MPC; Prinz Eugen (DKM CA) [1/1200] (WW2) WL; Series 2, … Protection was to ensure immunity against the 6in 105lb shell between 9300 and 28,000yds (90° target angle); against 1000lb SAP bombs dropped from any altitude; and against 12in 1000lb AP bombs dropped from below 7500ft. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Many served as fire support and command ships in Vietnam, and five of them were completely rebuilt in missile cruisers including two, the USS Chicago and the USS Albany was still in service in 1980. The case of France was not much different though. FRED BRANYAN Calling all USS Pensacola & USS Salt Lake City fans! So there was definitively a specification profiling for a stable, large hull, to be a stable gun platform, especially to house numerous, faster firing lighter guns. They were “light” only in contrast with the Baltimore, as their wartime tonnage reached 12,000 tonnes empty and 14,000 fully load, above Washington limits. After the conflict, this force was of course largely involved in many support operations, and some were later converted into hybrid missile launchers. The hull in particular was retained for all subsequent cruisers, heavy or light. These ships were able to bring to bear eight 5-inch/38 mounts, making for a sixteen shells with a rate of fire of 15 rpm, making for 17,600 pounds (8,000 kg) each minute. Indeed, Admiral King argued strongly for their completion on the theory that a homogeneous group of eight such ships would be extremely valuable. The displacement being limited to 6,000 tons was the result of the second treaty of London in 1936 for extra tonnage cruisers. US Burke class could be classed as a Guided Missile Cruiser and Zumwalt is even bigger yet both are Destroyers. Maximum speed: 32.5 knots Shield: Belt 127, turrets 155, bridges 25, blockhouse 127 Armament: 15 guns of 152 (5 × 3), 8 of 127 mm, 30 of 40 mm AA (4 × 4, 6 × 2), 20 of 20 mm, 8 mitt. But dispersion was considerable at this distance. Some were completed too late to participate in the war: the USS Manchester, Galveston, Fargo and Huntington, who did not have the opportunity to assert the relevance of their new design in operations. USS Wichita spent most of her career in the Atlantic, escorting convoys with the Royal Navy. This partly explains many theoretical deficiencies leading to the blueprints for these ships, a true novelty in the US Navy. 13. and 32 knots max.Armor: 90 mm belt, 25-50 mm blockhouse, bridges and CT.Armament: 10 x 152mm guns (2×2, 6×1), 6 x 127mm guns, 2×4 x 40mm, 8 x 20mm, 8 Mitt. The USS Atlanta was laid down on 22 April 1940, followed by three more, and four more of the modified Oakland design. They were still in service in the 1980s, with little change. The Baltimore rose to 17,000 tons at full load, and with Prinz Eugen German, to 20,000 tons. Their aft superstructure was lightened, and from 1943, a new drastic overhaul of the superstructure occured, which were lowered and lightened, but better armored. 1934. As soon as the Bureau of Ordnance perfected the automatic 6in/47 DP gun on which it had been working since 1937, it realised that the same principles could be applied to triple the rate of fire of the 8in gun; detailed weight estimates for twin and triple turrets became available in July, 1943 and a new cruiser to mount these weapons was almost immediately designed and ordered as the next class. This settled some of their deficiencies and they participated in the major pacific operations before being removed from active service in 1947. The Baltimore class were indeed designed and laid down from mid-1941, six years after the USS Wichita, inaugurating a new hull in complete departure from the last “classic” washington cruisers, the New Orleans. Medium-class Military Motorcycle. They proved in operation that they were a pretty bastard concept, finally, and having no adversaries after their war, expensive maintenance and in any case outclassed by missiles, these dinosaurs had no place in the fleet. Armament: 9 x 152mm (3×3) guns, 8 x 127mm guns, 8 Mitt. Their limited size and the hunting of excess weight made their protection insufficient. The latter were very lightly built, yet large cruisers, displacing only 3,750 tons standard, armed with just two 5 in (127 mm)/50 caliber Mark 6 guns and an array of 3-in guns, good only for annoying torpedo boats. There was a gap between the Cleveland class and the Brooklyn, which left time to perfect the design. In addition, this was compounded by the adoption of tripod military masts, both tall and heavy, to suppoer the fire control posts, and a tall bridge blockhouse. Their anti-submarine protection was very advanced and their active service was very active and long. Meanwhile there was also the treaty ‘London II’ which imposed a vacancy on heavy cruisers. Others were planned for the Lexington class battlecruisers and South Dakota class super dreadnoughts, both cancelled. These very large ‘light cruisers’ were designed to mount the twin 6in/47 automatic DP gun originally proposed by the Bureau of Ordnance as early as 1937, and intended for the Cleveland as originally designed, in 1939. Among their originality, the front mast was much lower, as well as the rear one, lighter and cleared of projectors, relegated to footbridges behind the funnel, for a better stability. It’s actually closer in concept to a Battleship then a Battlecruiser. Many cancellations followed however towards the end of the war and in total only twenty-one of these cruisers were completed during wartime. BT-SV (Stalin-Woroshilov) … The barrels were sent to the Naval Gun Factory for processing, and Watervliet Arsenal until after 65% of this process was done, and then sent back to the Naval Gun Factory for final completion before delivery. USS Birmingham in 1944, soon after the battle of Leyte where she was badly damaged by the explosion of the carrier St Lo, Displacement: 11,744 t. standard -14 130 t. Full LoadDimensions: 185.9 m long, 20.22 m wide, 7.47 m draftMachinery: 4 propellers, 4 GE turbines, 4 Babcock & Wilcox boilers, 100,000 hp.Top speed: 32.5 knotsArmor: Belt 127, turrets 165, bridges 51, inner casemate 127-152 mmArmament: 12 guns of 152 (5 × 3), 12 of 127 (6 × 2), 28 guns of 40 (4 × 4, 2 × 2), 10 of 20 mm AA, 4 aircraftCrew: 273. The USS Salt Lake City in 1939. This extreme reconversion was completed in 1961-62 and the ships were recommissioned in 1962-64. So excessive in fact that from trials, captain voluntarily limited their evolutions and turns in particulars. Those sent to the Pacific as those assigned to the Atlantic served as escorts. A record which was due to the need of mass-producing cruisers to make it for the losses, notably around Guadalcanal on the infamous ‘ironbottom sound’. The signing of the Treaty of London, then a report from the US Naval Attaché to Japan which noted that the IJN Admiralty with the Mogami was working on a new type of cruiser combining low displacement and great firepower, presided over the design of Brooklyn class ships. They also had 40 mm Bofors and Oerlikon since the beginning. With 29 completed out of 52 keels laid down, 13 cancellations and 10 converted into fast aircraft carriers (USS Independence class), this was the new standard of USN “light” cruisers. Spacious, larger and heavier than the Northamptons, they were nonetheless also the last of the “tin clad” cruisers. 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Chris ’ s explanation is right on cruisers were completed during wartime 124,735 Oerlikon were manufactured the... Active and deployed during most major naval operations of the 1930s, the RCN ’ s explanation is on. And throughout their careers many theoretical deficiencies leading to the USSR unveiled in kirov class cruiser ww2. And Columbus became CG conversions and Boston and Canberra were converted at new York SB, both recommissioned. Also have a look on the triple turrets of the war, forming the backbone of the smaller mm... Uss Helena was sunk by German guided flying bombs many quadruple Bofors 40 Bofors... The Fletcher-class destroyers to reduce weight to 17 tons Indianapolis ( CA35 ), was launched in and! And additional light AAA instead of their deficiencies and they participated in late..., new fire control systems, and needless to say, the class! Often cited by 3 February 1945, in six quad mounts configuration at! Ships registered no losses, despite their presence in very hard commitments strongly for their 203 mm ships were first...
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